Only 2% of clinics and health facilities in Albania offered HIV testing services.
Within those who acquired testing, 48% were men who were in sexual contact with another man.
In Western Europe, the routes of transmission of HIV are diverse, including paid sex, sex between men, intravenous drugs, mother to child transmission and heterosexual sex.
However, many new infections in this region occur through contact with HIV-infected individuals from other regions.
Belgium had a total of 24,506 HIV cases by the end of 2011. For the year of 2011 alone, there were 1,177 new HIV cases, 54 new AIDS cases, and 30 HIV-related deaths found.
Most of the newly diagnosed cases were transmitted through heterosexual contact, 49.6%.
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According to data from CIA World Factbook (2009), the countries with the highest prevalence of HIV/AIDS in Europe are Estonia (1.20% in people aged 15–49), Ukraine (1.10%), Russia (1.00%), Latvia (0.70%), Portugal (0.60%).
HIV-1 infection in the country appeared to be highly concentrated among men who have sex with men and injection drug users and less among heterosexuals.
The genetic diversity of HIV-1 in Iceland has increased significantly over time, most likely related to the increased proportion of foreign-born residents in the country from the mid-1990s.
The Economist reported in January 2000 that almost 40% of "AIDS victims" are intravenous drug users.
At the end of 2007, it was estimated that around 800,000 people were living with HIV in Western and Central Europe.
The adult (15–49) prevalence in this region is 0.3% with between 570,000 and 890,000 people currently living with HIV.