Only one print of the film was made, for showing at the Coronation Cinematograph on . The first silent film in Tamil, Keechaka Vadham was made by R. The first chain of Indian cinemas, Madan Theatre was owned by Parsi entrepreneur Jamshedji Framji Madan, who oversaw production of 10 films annually and distributed them throughout India beginning in 1902.
He founded Elphinstone Bioscope Company in Calcutta.
In 1927, the British Government, to promote the market in India for British films over American ones, formed the Indian Cinematograph Enquiry Committee.
The ICC consisted of three Brits and three Indians, led by T. This committee failed to support the desired recommendations of supporting British Film, instead recommending support for the fledgling Indian film industry. Ardeshir Irani released Alam Ara, the first Indian talkie, on 14 March 1931.
One of his most important techniques was bounce lighting, to recreate the effect of daylight on sets.
He pioneered the technique while filming Aparajito (1956), the second part of the trilogy.
The film was judged one of the three best films of the year.
In 1938, Gudavalli Ramabrahmam, co-produced and directed the social problem film, Raithu Bidda, which was also banned by the British administration, for depicting the peasant uprising among the Zamindars during the British raj.
The first of its kind was in Madras, called Edison's Grand Cinemamegaphone.
This was due to the fact that electric carbons were used for motion picture projectors.
Sant Tukaram, a 1936 film based on the life of Tukaram (1608–50), a Varkari Sant and spiritual poet became the first Indian film to be screened at an international film festival, at the 1937 edition of the Venice Film Festival.
Bombay later overtook Tollygunge as the industry's center, spawning "Bollywood" and many other Hollywood-inspired names.
In 1933, East India Film Company produced its first Telugu film, Savitri.
and Warner Bros invested in the industry along with Indian enterprises such as AVM Productions, Prasad's Group, Sun Pictures, PVP Cinemas, Zee, UTV, Suresh Productions, Eros Films, Ayngaran International, Pyramid Saimira, Aascar Films and Adlabs.